The Court’s involvement
A court may make any order it deems fit regarding access. It may for instance award reasonable access to a child or the court may order structured and controlled access. Access may also be postponed until the non-custodian has undergone treatment of some sort. Supervised access is also sometimes necessary. This is normally only ordered when contact with the non-custodian entails a clear risk of abuse or abduction.
Sometimes a non-custodian may also be prohibited from seeing or visiting the child, but may be allowed to communicate with the child through letters, calls or other means. A court may also deny access altogether if this would be in the best interest of the child.